Welcome to the world of indoor gardening! If you’re looking for a tropical plant that can thrive inside your home, the Areca Palm is an excellent choice. Native to tropical regions, this plant can add a touch of the exotic to your interior decor.
In this article, you will learn everything you need to know to successfully grow and care for an Areca Palm indoors. From planting and potting to watering and fertilizing, we’ll guide you through the process of cultivating this beautiful plant. Get ready to bring a bit of the tropics into your home with the Areca Palm!
- The Areca Palm is a tropical plant that can thrive indoors.
- Proper planting, potting, watering, and fertilizing are essential for the successful cultivation of the plant.
- With expert guidance, you can successfully grow and care for an Areca Palm in your home.
About Areca Palm Plant
The scientific name for the Areca Palm is Dypsis Lutescens, though it was originally named Chrysalidocarpus Lutescens. It belongs to the Palmaceae family, also called Arecaceae.
Areca Palm is one of several indoor palm varieties, including
- Kentia Palm
- Parlor Palm
- Sentry Palm
- Pygmy Date Palm
- Chinese Fan Palm
- Needle Palmetto
- Pindo Palm
- Pelmetto Palm
- Saw Palmetto
- Fistail Palm
- Bottle Palm
- Red Feather Palm
- Lipstick Palm
- Windmill Palm
- Diamond Palm.
Originating in Madagascar, which is located on the southeastern coast of Africa, Areca Palm is also native to the Philippines and is known by many different names in various parts of the world, such as Bamboo Palm, Yellow Palm, Butterfly Palm, Indoor Palm, and Golden Cane Palm.
Features and Characteristics of the Plant – An Overview
The Areca palm is a tropical plant that can grow up to 20-39 feet outdoors, but only reaches 6-8 feet when grown indoors. Its arched fronds are green in color and have approximately 40-60 leaflets growing from each frond.
During the summer, the Areca palm produces yellow flowers, and offshoots emerge from the stem that can be grown into individual Areca palms by planting them in separate pots.
The feathery fronds of the Areca palm make it look gigantic and attention-grabbing, with each frond capable of growing 100 leaflets when grown healthily. The plant is a popular houseplant due to its low maintenance and air-purifying properties. It is also known for its ability to remove toxins such as formaldehyde and benzene from the air.
Planting, Potting & Repotting
When planting Areca Palm, use soil that is rich in acidic qualities or builder’s sand if the soil is too thick and heavy. For indoor planting, soil-based compost is the best choice, and it should rest on drainage materials like gravel, pebbles, and earthenware.
Use a large pot that can accommodate the roots of the plant, as Areca Palm flourishes when kept rooted in the soil for long periods. Repotting is not required for at least five years if the right-sized pot and soil are chosen. This is one of the greatest advantages of growing Areca Palm indoors.
Growing the Plant
Growing Areca Palm indoors is an easy task as long as you understand the plant’s nature and follow simple care instructions. Watering, fertilizing, potting, and repotting the plant are all simple tasks.
When you notice brown or yellow tints on the leaves, prune the plant, but only in the bottom portion of the stem. Pruning the upper portion of the stem will hinder the plant’s growth. If you notice brown tips that are not very visible from outside, trim them in a mild manner.
Areca Palm is a non-toxic plant that is safe to grow indoors and does not emit any harmful gases. The plant is capable of clearing some chemical presence in the air surrounding it. Ensure that the surrounding environment in which the plant is kept indoors is free of chemicals.
Watering & Fertilizing the Plant
To ensure the optimal growth of your Areca Palm, it’s essential to water it correctly. Overwatering can cause the roots to rot, so it’s essential to water the plant only when the top 1 to 2 inches of the soil near the roots is dry.
The plant absorbs water quickly, but excess water can pool on the upper surface of the plant, which can be harmful to the plant. Therefore, it’s crucial to ensure that the pot has proper drainage holes for excess water to escape.
While fertilizing Areca Palms, it’s essential to avoid over-fertilizing the plant, as it can be more harmful than under-fertilizing. Over-fertilizing can cause the tip of the leaves to turn brown.
Therefore, it’s crucial to ensure that you are feeding the right amounts of fertilizers to your Areca Palm. Additionally, ensure that there are no existing fertilizer sediments in the soil, as it can increase the fertilizer content the plant experiences, causing damage to the plant.
Lighting Requirements of the Plant
To keep your Areca Palm healthy, you need to be mindful of its lighting requirements. When grown outdoors, it prefers a shady spot, such as underneath a tree.
If grown indoors, avoid placing it near windows that receive direct sunlight. Assess the amount of sunlight that falls in each direction around the area where the plant is placed, and position it in the direction that receives bright but indirect light.
Direct sunlight should only be allowed during winter when the heat of the sun is lower compared to summer. The plant can sustain a maximum of 75 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 55 degrees Fahrenheit during the night.
Areca Palm thrives in high humid environments, so consider placing it in such environments to keep it healthy and happy.
Remember, exposing the plant to hot and direct sunlight will hurt it, making its leaves turn yellow in color. The tiny flowers that bloom in Areca Palm kept in high humid temperatures adds to the silent beauty of the plant.
Propagating the Plant
To propagate Areca Palm, you have two options available. The first method is by using its seeds, which are readily available. The second method involves using the offshoots that grow at the bottom of the parent stem.
These offshoots usually arise from the stem of matured palms that are fully grown and healthy. Dividing the mature plant into two or more sections is the fastest and easiest way to grow new Areca Palms.
It is important to note that the seeds take about 4 weeks to germinate, and several years to reach 3-4 feet in height.
Common Problems and Solutions
Areca Palm Leaf Tips Turning Brown
If you notice your Areca Palm leaf tips turning brown all of a sudden, it could be due to several reasons. The most common reason is overwatering, which leads to water stagnation around the roots.
Other reasons include chlorinated water, excess fertilizers, excess fluoridation in the water, low humidity levels, lack of sufficient lighting or excess watering. Ensure that you water your Areca Palm only when the top portion of the soil above the roots feels dry.
Areca Palm Turning Brown Top to Bottom
If your Areca Palm has turned brown from top to bottom, it is a sign of overwatering. Overwatering leads to water stagnation around the roots, which causes the roots to rot over time.
When the roots start rotting, they lose their ability to absorb essential nutrients from the water, and the plant turns brown. Water your Areca Palm only when the top portion of the soil above the roots feels dry.
Some Leaves of Areca Palm Dying Suddenly
If you see some leaves of your Areca Palm dying suddenly, it is a sign that the plant is stressed out. Areca Palm does not relish water stagnation or excessive moisture in its roots.
However, it feels stressed out when its roots are allowed to dry beyond manageable levels. Ensure that you water your Areca Palm periodically and do not allow the soil to become too dry.
Over-dryness makes the plant choose which leaves to support, leading to the death of some of them.
Areca Palm Leaves Burned Suddenly
If your Areca Palm leaves seem burnt, it may not be due to watering inconsistencies. It may mainly be due to excessive heat the plant is exposed to.
Exposing Areca Palm to direct sunlight saps the plant, burning the leaves in an instant manner. Ensure that your Areca Palm is not placed under direct sunlight.
Move the plant to a semi-shadow location that exposes it only to limited heat, which it can manage. This will safeguard its leaves from getting burnt.
Areca Palm Leaf Tips Turning Brown Despite Perfect Fertilization
If the leaf tips of your Areca Palm are turning brown despite perfect fertilization, the reason could be fertilizer sediments in the soil that have accumulated over time.
Ensure that you flush out the soil once every few months to flush out the fertilizer salt accumulation. This will help your Areca Palm get the right amount of fertilizer at all times, saving its leaf tips from turning brown.
Areca Palm Leaves Turning Brown Due to Pests
Pests like scales, mealybugs, and spider mites can turn Areca Palm leaf edges brown. Inspect the leaves thoroughly if you notice brown tips. If you find bugs on either or both sides of the leaves, initiate pest control immediately.
Infections caused by pests can spread fast in the plant. Use pest control aids as per the advice of the experts or as per instructions provided in the outer labels of chemical packs.
Frequent Repotting and Overfertilization
Frequent repotting will not solve the issue of overfertilization. Repotting Areca Palm in a frequent manner damages the roots exposed during the process, disabling the plant from absorbing the nutrients in the water it is fed after repotting. Repot your Areca Palm once every five years to avoid such issues.
Uses of Areca Palm
Growing Areca Palm inside your house offers many benefits. Let us look at some such uses and the goodness it offers to you and your family as a whole.
- Safeguards children health inducing deep sleep in them
- Does not harm animals who by chance chews them since Areca Palm is non-toxic by nature
- Areca Palm is a natural air purifier. This makes you and your family breathe clean air at all points of time
- Growing Areca Palm indoors adds value to your interiors making the same look elegant
Interesting Facts About Areca Palm
Areca Palm is a non-toxic plant, making it safe to keep around pets like cats and dogs. In fact, it is considered one of the best air purifiers among the 50 plants that can purify the air. It is also the top plant on the list, making it an ideal indoor plant choice.
Growing Areca Palm in children’s rooms can help safeguard their health. This plant is known to remove Toluene from the air, making it a perfect choice for homes with toxic air. It has won the Garden Merit Award, which is awarded to the best plant by the Royal Horticulture Society.
Areca Palm releases a significant amount of moisture every 24 hours, preventing the atmosphere from getting dried up. This helps to bring down the humidity levels around you, saving you from perspiration and draining down.
The fruits of Areca Palm types that grow in Brazil are a source of food for certain bird species like Pitangus sulphuratus, Thraupis sayaca, and Coereba flaveola.
In conclusion, taking care of your Areca Palm is essential to ensure it thrives. Understanding its requirements and providing it with what it needs will establish clear communication between you and the plant, allowing it to reciprocate.
Areca Palm is a highly cooperative plant that can adapt well to different watering and fertilizing habits.
Growing it indoors not only adds to the aesthetic appeal of your home but also provides clean air, benefiting both you and your family members, including pets. Spend quality time taking care of your Areca Palm to ensure it remains healthy and vibrant.